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Coenzyme Q10 -- Coq10

This is so because CoQ is part of the electron transport chain, because it acts as a protein and electron carrier. And it is involved with aerobic cellular respiration. This generates energy in the form of ATP. That's how 95% of our body's energy is generated. Our organs with the highest need for energy -- the heart and liver -- and the highest levels of CoQ concentration.

It was discovered at the University of Wisconsin in 1957. As an antioxidant, it prevents the oxidation of bad LDL cholesterol, helping to lower risk of atherosclerosis.

Because it's so important to your heart's energy, it is commonly used in treatment of congestive heart failure, and may benefit people with myocardial eschemia, high blood pressure, mitral valve prolapse, infiltrative cardiomyopathy, stable and unstable angina, and ventricular arrhythmia. However, some dispute its value for people with heart conditions.

Some studies have shown that CoQ10 can help some people with migraines.

One study showed that CoQ10 reduces oxidation and DNA double-strand breaks. And that a diet rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids and CoQ10 lengthened the lifespans of rats.

One study suggests that CoQ110 could slow down progression of Parkinson's disease for people in its early stages. It may help with other neurodegenerative diseases, since it's been found to prevent oxidative stress and neuronal damage caused by the pesticide paraquat.

It helps prevent skin aging, so it's a common ingredient in many moisturizers.

CoQ10 shares a synthesis with cholesterol. Mevalonate is an intermediary precursor, and is inhibited by beta-blockers which are medicines to treat high blood pressure, and statins the highly popular (with doctors) drugs to lower cholesterol. Statins can reduce levels of CoQ10 by up to 40%.

This has led some to point out the potential irony -- people take statin drugs to lower their cholesterol to prevent heart attacks, but those drugs may be reducing the supply of CoQ10 in their hearts, increasing their risk of heart problems. So others do advise that people taking statin drugs should also take CoQ10 supplements.

Suggested supplementation ranged from 30 to 300 mg daily.

By: Richard Stooker

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